Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2019 or Prakash Parv of Guru Govind Singh is being celebrated by Sikhs and Punjabi’s around the world today. The celebrations coincides with the Punjabi harvest festival of Lohri.
While the birth date of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, falls on January 5, 1666, the birth anniversary or Jayanti is celebrated on January 13 every year. 2019 marks the 352nd birth anniversary of the tenth Sikh Guru
Gobind Singh was born in Patna district of Bihar in the Sodhi Khatri family; his family later returned to Punjab in 1670 and in March 1672 they shifted to the foothills of Himalayas. The spiritual leader was also a warrior, poet, and a great philosopher. At the age of nine, he was formally installed as the leader of the Sikhs when his father Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded for refusing to convert to Islam.
Significance & Celebrations;
Guru Gobind Singh is known for having established the Sikh warrior community of Khalsa in 1699. He also wrote important Sikh texts, enshrined in the Guru Granth Sahib as the Guru of Sikhism and introduced the five Ks- the five articles of faith which are worn by the Sikh warriors.
Sikhs mark Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti with processions, ‘Prabhat Pheris’ and various other events. Prabhat Pheris can be translated to ‘small processions’ which are taken out in the neighborhood early in the morning. Believers gather together, sing bhajans and take out the parade. Different vibrant Sikh traditions are put on display during the procession including martial arts. Gatka, a traditional martial art form which is associated with Sikh gurus and popular among the community members is also performed. Sikhs use Kirpan, a small knife for self-defense which Guru Gobind Singh made compulsory for everyone during the Mughal era. At Gurudwaras, prayer meetings are held, Sikh community puts up stalls and offer food and drinks to others, of which sweet rose milk is quite popular. At the Golden Temple in Amritsar, special prayer meetings are held. Langar, the prasad or the food offerings for anyone who visits the Gurudwara is quite popular. Among the delicious food served there, Kadha Prasad, a sweet dish (halwa) is much savored among devotees. Sikhs consider Kadha Prasad as a sacred food and are accepted with both hands while sitting with head bowed. It is a sign of humility and respect. Marking the day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will release a commemorative coin on Guru Gobind Singh on January 13, 2019.
We at TheBrahmastra wish everyone a very Happy Guru Gobind Singh Ji Jayanti & a very Happy Lohri.